A new generalized travel cost based connectivity metric applied to Scandinavian airports
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2020, 81 (April), 1-21. 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102280
This article proposes a new, generalized travel cost based method to operationalize network accessibility provided by airports. The approach is novel as it integrates features of network topology with multiple quality aspects of scheduled air transport services into one metric. The method estimates generalized travel costs for the full set of feasible travel paths between an airport and all network destinations. Rooftop modeling accounts for schedule delay and isolates the most cost-efficient travel paths per O-D relation. Respecting the assumed arrival time preference of passengers and adjusting for destination importance, connectivity scores are derived. The method is then applied to explore changes in the global connectivity pattern of Scandinavian airports from 2004 to 2018. The results suggest distinct spatial differences throughout the network, but less pronounced in size than suggested by popularly applied connectivity measures. Findings also highlight the importance of the geographical location as a determinate of an airport’s connectivity. Keywords: Air transport; Accessibility; Connectivity; Network topology; Air service features.